Pregnancy And Periodontal Disease

Image result for pregnancy

If you are expecting, you are going to experience many changes to your body for the next nine months. Maintaining your overall health is very important, especially during pregnancy. Having a healthy mouth and teeth is very important during pregnancy. Because of the high hormone levels, pregnant women have a higher risk of contracting periodontal disease, also known as gum disease.

Our specialists here at Advanced Periodontics & Implant Dentistry take your overall health seriously and specialize in several gum disease treatment options to better your health. Let’s see exactly how pregnancy and periodontal disease are related.  

How Does Periodontal Disease And Pregnancy Relate

Periodontal disease is a chronic and common inflammatory condition that affects the gum tissue, and in more severe cases, the jaw bone supporting the teeth. If the condition is not treated properly, periodontal disease can cause tooth loss and has been associated with other systemic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Pregnant women are more likely to develop periodontal disease because of their increased hormone levels. The level of the hormone progesterone increases dramatically during pregnancy. This hormone can cause an increased response to plaque in the mouth.

Several research studies have suggested that pregnant women with periodontal disease are at a higher risk for early delivery or low birth weight. This is why maintaining good oral hygiene is very important during pregnancy. Keeping your oral hygiene at its best will help improve your chances of having a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

What Is Pregnancy Gingivitis

Image result for periodontal disease

Most women during their pregnancy begin to notice a difference in their gums. You may notice that your gums are more red and bleed when you brush  your teeth, while others may experience severe swelling as well as bleeding. This change is known as “pregnancy gingivitis.”

Pregnancy gingivitis can occur as early as two months into the pregnancy and typically climaxes within the eighth month. After the baby is born, it does begin to subside. Pregnancy gingivitis has the same symptoms as normal gingivitis, however, the causes are different. In this case, it is caused by the woman’s high hormone level.  

To reduce the risk of pregnancy gingivitis, practice good oral hygiene. Helpful tips include:

  • Brushing your teeth twice a day, for at least two minutes each time.
  • Floss at least once a day.
  • Use an antimicrobial mouthwash to reduce inflammation.  
  • Eat  healthy, well-balanced meals.

Also be sure to have a specialist check your gums while you are pregnant. Professional teeth cleanings can also help pregnancy gingivitis. Your doctor and dental hygienist may recommend more than the normal two cleanings a year.

How Visiting Advanced Periodontics & Implant Dentistry During Your Pregnancy Can Help

Your body goes through many changes during pregnancy, and your main goal is to carry and deliver a healthy baby. Your oral health can impact your pregnancy and Advanced Periodontics & Implant Dentistry can help you maintain proper oral hygiene.

Periodontal disease is common in pregnant women and can be treated in several ways. Our gum disease treatment options include:

  • Scaling and root planing. Scaling is the removal of plaque and calculus on the tooth surfaces. Root planing involves smoothing out the root surfaces in order for the reattachment of the soft tissue to the tooth to occur.
  • Flap/Osseous therapy. This treatment option allows our periodontist to gain access to the root of the tooth in order to remove the plaque, calculus, and diseased tissue. Once it is all removed, the gum is then carefully sutured back into place.
  • Guided tissue regeneration (GTR). This involves the use of biocompatible membrane material that helps promote the growth of lost soft tissue and bone surrounding the tooth.

For more information on our treatment options for periodontal disease, contact us at 212-581-1090 and schedule a consultation.